With the elections issue occupying lately the central stage of the political conversation along with the presumed effort to write a new constitution, the SACD engaged in a direct dialogue with internally displaced Syrians, refugees and diasporas in order to better understand what displaced Syrians think about elections: the legitimacy, viability, concerns and challenges.
The SACD always insisted that the voice of displaced Syrians, and all Syrians, must be taken into account when deciding the future of the country, and that this voice has been absent in the last few years and recent political developments.
It is paramount to always remember that the key element of legitimacy in any future elections in Syria – apart from the process itself – is how Syrians view this process and their trust and will to participate in such a process fundamental to the future of the country. That’s why, the voice of the Syrians must be articulated and must be heard, whether about future elections or constitution.
The direct engagements with displaced Syrians and the outreach activities addressing the elections issue were coupled with a comprehensive survey amongst 500 displaced Syrians conducted between September and December 2020. The SACD strived through a team of experienced professionals in its Data Collection and Analysis Unit to follow a methodical approach in designing the questionnaire and the survey sample to achieve a high level of representativeness. The survey results displayed here are a complement to full briefing paper about the elections titled “Safe Environment Before Everything Else: Why Elections in Syria Are Illegitimate without Political Solution”.
The questionnaire is organised into three thematic blocks: the first deals with past experience of Syrians with elections since this experience will influence how Syrians would perceive any future elections, and is of a great value for us to better interpret the results of the rest of the survey. The second block deals with the conditions and the changes that displaced Syrians would need to see to consider any future elections legitimate. Some questions within this block address how displaced Syrians would see elections under the current circumstances. The third block addresses participants’ intentions of participation in the elections and their sources of information regarding the elections process.
As is the standard practice in SACD’s surveys, the questionnaire combines open-ended questions and multiple-choice questions with predefined answers offering respondents the possibility to choose and rank among several options. An optional space was provided to elaborate on the answer where appropriate.
Invitations were sent to the participants through a secure medium explaining the context of the survey, the process and timeline, and a full “informed consent” was presented to the participants, with interviews conducted in person. As in all previous SACD surveys, the geographic distribution, gender, age and education where amongst the reference criteria in selecting the sample.
Profile of Participants