Coronavirus

Coronavirus - Coronavirus

Covid-19 has been rife, with protection hard to find and skewed based on the area's perceived threat to the regime.

When asked about COVID19, 32 percent of respondents confirmed that they (or a relative) had been infected by the virus; 58 per cent of those infected did not receive the necessary health care. The survey was conducted in September/October, before the end of the major summer wave, and before a subsequent second wave in December and a larger wave in March/April 2021. It is likely that far more have since been infected. 

Respondents do not feel they can access appropriate medical care. Reconciled areas were rated the worst (86 percent), and 70 percent of participants in areas under military control said they could not access care (Figure 59). Participants expressed their dissatisfaction with and criticism of the provision of private health services to those who can afford a large fee that is disproportionate to the citizens’ income and standard of living. 

Figure 59. Access to medical services, by area
Reconciliation areas 14% (yes)
Areas controlled by the Syrian regime by force 30% (yes)
Areas that remained under the regime's control since 2011 49% (yes)

“All services in Syria, not just those related to the Coronavirus, are monopolized by powerful men and bribe payers. This situation prompts those who need health care to resort to bribery and nepotism.”

Furthermore, 79 percent of respondents said they did not trust the statistics issued by the Syrian regime and do not think it operates transparently.  

Approximately 87 percent of respondents asserted that processes and logistics imposed on citizens in order to access basic services or obtain essential goods have contributed to the spread of the pandemic. This was accompanied by tightened security and intimidatory measures by the regime, in an effort to silence calls for help from health sector specialists or attempts to get more realistic data on the number of COVID19- infections. 

These figures are a natural result of the draconian measures adopted by the regime to deal with the pandemic, as detailed in the SACD’s briefing published in May 2020.

“I am from the country of queues! How can I not get Coronavirus if all the people are gathering for bread, gas and so on?”

The average estimated cost of essential materials needed to protect individuals from COVID19- was about 22$; 66 per cent of participants were unable to secure these materials.

Sanctions Impact

The implementation of the Caesar Act on 17 June 2020 came just after an unprecedented increase in inflation and soaring living costs never before seen in Syria, coupled with a shortage of essential materials and the currency plunging to record low values. The law’s impact on the economy and the living conditions of Syrians in regime-controlled areas is therefore unclear, especially at the time of the survey in Q4 of 2020[1].

Only 30 per cent of the participants believe the sanctions hindered the regime’s ability to handle the pandemic effectively; 37 per cent believe the sanctions did not affect how the regime handled the pandemic (Figure 60). 

Figure 60. Impact of sanctions on COVID19- response
  • No
  • Yes
  • I Do not know

Note: figure shows participants’ responses to the question “Did the sanctions have a negative impact on the way the country
deals with the Corona pandemic?“

“Because medical supplies are available, but at imaginary prices in terms of income level. Much of the medical aid reaches Syria from all countries of the world such as China, India, Russia and the United Arab Emirates. Although this assistance is free of charge, not even a single mask is provided to any citizen free of charge.” 

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